EFI Reports

2018 U.S. Energy and Employment Report

2018 US Energy and Employment Report cover

The 2018 U.S. Energy & Employment Report (USEER) (March 2018) was the survey’s third installment and the first report co-produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) and the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) (association representing the 56 governor-designated state and territory energy officials). As with the previous two government-produced installments, this report provided an in-depth survey of the U.S. labor force and skills trends in 5 energy sectors across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey found that the U.S. energy sector employed 6.5 million workers, adding 133,000 new jobs, or 7 percent of all new jobs nationwide.  

The USEER tracks employment trends in fuels; electric power generation; transmission, distribution, and storage; energy efficiency; and motor vehicles. It is based on supplemental surveys of approximately 30,000 employers, and it enriches the employment data published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics in its Quarterly Census on Employment and Wages. The data was collected by BW Research Partnership, a research consultancy that has conducted employer surveys for all editions of the USEER. 

This report includes detailed data for the 53 separate technologies that comprise the five surveyed sectors. Each of these technologies is, in turn, divided into as many as seven industrial classifications. As a result, the USEER data base provides an in-depth view of the hiring difficulty, in-demand occupations, and demographic composition of very specific portions of the energy and energy efficiency workforce in each state or in specific counties and, in some cases, portions of counties.

The USEER was presented in May 2018 by EFI founder Ernest J. Moniz on Capitol Hill and featured a keynote speech by Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA). The full USEER, Executive Summary, State Fact Sheets, and a recorded webinar with key takeaways from the report were originally published on www.USenergyjobs.org. In 2021, the USEER was published by the Biden Administration’s Department of Energy under a congressional mandate for it to return as a government-issued report.

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